Migration and Development in Serbia
The understanding of the complex relationship between migration and development has changed in the last years, with initiatives from scientific and political circles to view migration comprehensively in the function of development of all the countries included in the migratory chain. United Nations (UN) first indirectly included migration in the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 8 for the 21st century, which was defined as Develop a Global Partnership for Development. In addition, UN directly supported this concept by establishing the Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM) in 2003, organising the First and Second Dialogue on Migration and Development in 2006 and 2013 and by establishing a Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) in 2007.
Recognising migration as an instrument of development has led to a consensus on the need to include the phenomenon of migration in the development agendas, strategies and plans on global, regional, national and local levels. Mainstreaming migration in major economic growth documents and development initiatives is necessary both in the developing and developed worlds, that is to say it is important both for the countries of origin and receiving countries. A broader concept of interdependencies between migration and development is also an integral part of the new UN development agenda Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 1 and the majority of its goals.
The study Migration and Development in Serbia is part of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Global Project Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies aimed at supporting national governments and their partners to: improve registration, monitoring and processing data on migration; improve the use of human potentials of migration; as well as to direct migration management towards the increase of national development capacities, reducing the risks for migrants themselves, their families and communities of origin/destination. The project is to provide answers related to more efficient management of external migration, with a special focus on development and human rights. This four-year project is being implemented in eight countries, including Serbia, in the period 2014-2018. IOM is implementing the project in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the project is funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).