Migration studies in Serbian universities curricula
The globalization process, scientific and technological progress, IT revolution, as well as constant striving for a better and safer life, among many other causes, have made the population movements, both internal and across borders, i.e. migration, (with all the related positive and negative dimensions and consequences) an inevitable social phenomenon and subject of various research aimed at understanding the world we are currently living in. Namely, frequency and the volume of migration (within countries, regionally and globally) are higher today than ever before in the human history. According to the data published by International Organization for Migration (IOM) in December of 2014, “approximately one in seven people today are migrants: 232 million people are international migrants.” More importantly, “the number of international migrants increased by 65% (53 million) in the global North and by 34% (24 million) in the global South” since the end of the Cold War. If we review the data by countries and the share of migrants in the total population, we can see that, for example, in the Persian Gulf countries it is above 50% (such as 84% in The United Arab Emirates, 74% in Qatar, 60% in Kuwait, and 50% in Bahrain). Australia with 28% and Canada with 21% of migrants in the total population are taking the lead among the so-called
traditional destination countries. In the “old” continent - Europe, Sweden is currently the country with the highest share of migrants (16%).