The Joint Programme (JP) to Combat Human Trafficking between the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Serbia, under the auspices of the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) is the very first joint initiative by UN agencies in the field of anti-human trafficking in Serbia and in Europe.
As one of the partner organizations of the Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility and Future," IOM was designated to make financial compensation available to former forced labourers and other victims of the Nazi regime.
The 18-month programme (2007/2008) was implemented in five countries: Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia. The overall objective of RHAP was to contribute to the successful closure of the German Forced Labour Compensation Programme by utilizing unused “residual” German Forced Labour Compensation Programme (GFLCP) funds for humanitarian and social assistance projects in line with requirements of the Federal Foundation “Remembrance, Responsibility and Future”.
The project lasted from July 2005 to April 2008 and was implemented in partnership with the Czech Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs & Ministry of foreign affairs / Czech Embassy in Serbia. The objective of the project was to implement an info campaign for Serbian citizens interested in professional job placement in Czech Republic. Several thousands of people have been informed through the specially established help-line and info campaign was present in all media with national and local coverage (printed, radio, TV).
This regional pilot project was funded by the European Commission and implemented by IOM from December 2004 to June 2006. This regional project had overall objective to promote orderly migration flows and related awareness-raising on regular channels of migration addressing potential migrants to EU states.
This regional project, with EUR 1,4 million funding provided by the European Commission, and the Swiss, the German, the Italian and the Lichtenstein Governments, was implemented from February 2008 to January 2010 by the IOM in partnership with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and national governments to develop and integrate efficient information, advice and referral services for migrants to assist their informed migration decisions and prevent irregular migration while fostering local capacity and knowledge in the area of labour migration policy and practice.
The Joint Programme (JP) supported national and local institutions to implement policy and operational measures that will increase youth employment in Serbia and reduce the negative impact of return and irregular migration. IOM, ILO, UNDP and UNICEF implemented the JP with institutions mandated to address youth, employment, migration and social policies. Total budget was USD 8 million of which the USD 6 million was provided by the MDG Spanish Funds and the Government of Serbia contributed with USD 1.9 million.
This regional project took into account and built on other initiatives carried out by EC, IOM and other stakeholders, to inform potential migrants from the Western Balkans about legal migration opportunities in the EU labour market and on the other hand, to facilitate the return and successful reintegration of skilled migrants to their countries of origin.
Implemented by the IOM from September 2008 to December 2011 and funded by the Italian Government (EUR 1,1 million), SHAPE project was one of the most significant response measures aimed at bringing youth issues back to centre stage. It supported initiatives of the Serbian Ministry of Youth and Sports, (MYS) in promoting socio-cultural, economic and civic integration of young people and it invigorated youth participation and activism in local communities as a means to prevent brain-drain, following the priorities defined in the National Youth Strategy.
Through the NTF Project, IOM supported the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Serbia in achieving important national goals in the field of defence reform as well as in contributing further to the stabilization of the Balkan region. During the five and a half years of project implementation (1 July 2006 – 31 March 2012) a total of 6,025 discharged defence personnel received individual counselling, while 4,580 received financial assistance to support their reintegration into civilian life.