In 2015 the Republic of Serbia was faced with large-scale movements of refugees and migrants. Until the closure of so-called Western Balkans route at the beginning of March 2016, some 700,000 migrants passed through Serbia on their way to Western Europe. Consequently, the number of refugees and migrants exceeds 8,000 in January 2017. Nowadays, some 4,000 migrants/refugees are staying in 18 reception and asylum centers in Serbia. The UN partner organizations (UNDP, WHO, UNOPS and IOM) in close coordination with the target groups, developed specially tailored actions of the Project “Open Communities-Successful Communities” based on first-hand field analysis and technical verification of needs at local and national level.
Migration and Development
Handbook Migration and Local Development was developed within the project Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Policies, implemented by International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).
Introduction: The Western Balkans region has witnessed a sharp increase in the numbers of mixed migration flows arriving in or transiting through its territory, along the so-called Western Balkan route, in particular Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. In addition to the high numbers, the mixed composition of these flows adds complexity to the task of addressing them effectively and in line with international commitments and standards.
Introduction: The EU provides assistance to Republic of Serbia and Serbian Ministry of Interior to improve its border and migration management capabilities at the border with Bulgaria. It is funded by the EU with EUR 1 million and implemented by UN agency for Migration – International Organization for Migration (IOM).
The understanding of the complex relationship between migration and development has changed in the last years, with initiatives from scientific and political circles to view migration comprehensively in the function of development of all the countries included in the migratory chain. United Nations (UN) first indirectly included migration in the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 8 for the 21st century, which was defined as Develop a Global Partnership for Development. In addition, UN directly supported this concept by establishing the Global Commission on International Migration (GCIM) in 2003, organising the First and Second Dialogue on Migration and Development in 2006 and 2013 and by establishing a Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) in 2007.
The main idea behind the Migration Profile is for it to serve as an instrument aimed to provide support for key state actors in planning adequate migration policies, as well as for the representatives of the civil society and the academic community in analysis of current migration flows. Regular annual updating provides better insight into the overall situation relating to migration in the country.
The Report on Impact of Education in Minority Languages on External and Internal Migrations of National Minorities has been produced on the initiative of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development. In 2014, the Ministry adopted an Action Plan requesting the identification of facts related to the education in minority languages, as well as the subsequent drafting of an action plan for improvement of the education for national minorities at all levels.
The International Organization for Migration in Serbia is currently implementing the “Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies” project. This project aims to enable countries to integrate migration into their national development planning documents and processes and to continually monitor and adjust their approaches to migration and development in consultation with all relevant stakeholders.
The globalization process, scientific and technological progress, IT revolution, as well as constant striving for a better and safer life, among many other causes, have made the population movements, both internal and across borders, i.e. migration, (with all the related positive and negative dimensions and consequences) an inevitable social phenomenon and subject of various research aimed at understanding the world we are currently living in.
This Study was prepared within the global project “Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies” (2014-2018), implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), with a view to supporting national governments and their partners in: a) improving the registration, monitoring and processing of data on migration; b) making better use of the human potential of migration; 3) utilising migration management to increase the national development capacities, whilst reducing risks for the migrants, their families and communities of origin/destination.