As of mid-2015 until the beginning of March 2016, when the so-called Balkan route was formally closed, more than 700,000 migrants passed through the Republic of Serbia on their way to the countries of Western Europe. Unlike the period before the closure of the Balkan route, migrants now have been staying in Serbia for a longer period of time, in some cases longer than a year. In January 2017 there are some 4,000 migrants accommodated in 18 asylum and reception centres. Such a situation requires a different response of institutions dealing with migration management, as well as international and non-governmental actors. In this regard, the mission of the project is to assist the Government of the Republic of Serbia to respond to dynamic challenges of the migration management.
In 2015 the Republic of Serbia was faced with large-scale movements of refugees and migrants. Until the closure of so-called Western Balkans route at the beginning of March 2016, some 700,000 migrants passed through Serbia on their way to Western Europe. Consequently, the number of refugees and migrants exceeds 8,000 in January 2017. Nowadays, some 4,000 migrants/refugees are staying in 18 reception and asylum centers in Serbia. The UN partner organizations (UNDP, WHO, UNOPS and IOM) in close coordination with the target groups, developed specially tailored actions of the Project “Open Communities-Successful Communities” based on first-hand field analysis and technical verification of needs at local and national level.
Introduction: The Western Balkans region has witnessed a sharp increase in the numbers of mixed migration flows arriving in or transiting through its territory, along the so-called Western Balkan route, in particular Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. In addition to the high numbers, the mixed composition of these flows adds complexity to the task of addressing them effectively and in line with international commitments and standards.
The project that has been implemented in cooperation with the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia since September 2015 is funded by IOM International Development Fund in the amount of USD 130,000. Given that a high increase of irregular migrants puts extraordinary pressure on state’s services and institutions especially those dealing with accommodation, care and reception of migrants, this project aims to contribute to effective and service oriented reception facilities for irregular migrants in Serbia through the implementation of two project components:
The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), UNDP and IOM in 2011 launched a two year pilot project on Mainstreaming Migration into National Development Strategies in four countries: Bangladesh, Jamaica, Moldova, and Tunisia. Since 2011, the project has: 1) strengthened the capacity of governments in pilot countries to address migration and development (M&D) linkages in their development strategies, 2) provided guidance for UN ...
The Swiss FOM (Federal Office for Migration) provides operational input and makes final decisions on the individual reintegration assistance to be provided to the returnee. IOM Belgrade has started processing returnees under the AVR Switzerland in the middle of 2002 and this programme is still active. The total number of cases assisted by IOM Belgrade since mid 2002 until December 2011 is: 221 cases or 530 persons.
The Reintegration Fund was created in 2002 as an additional component of the Voluntary Assisted Return and Reintegration Programme (VARRP) implemented by IOM London. The VARRP provides financial support for reintegration activities in countries of origin for nationals returning from the UK. The VARRP – UK programme became operational in 2002 and this programme is open – ended. The total number of processed cases is 30.
The Reintegration Fund provides financial support for reintegration activities in countries of origin of returnees from Ireland who are eligible for reintegration assistance. The VARRP – UK programme became operational in 2005 and is open-ended. The total number of processed cases is 13.