In cooperation with the Governments of Serbia and Montenegro, IOM Belgrade and IOM Podgorica provided assistance with the voluntary and orderly return of 333 stranded irregular migrants and rejected asylum-seekers from Serbia and Montenegro to their countries of origin between November 2005 and July 2007 and enhanced the AVR framework in cooperation with the relevant authorities. The project was implemented at the request of the Government of Serbia and Montenegro (at the time State Union) to effectively and humanely returns the rising number of identified irregular migr
This program is a humanitarian assistance program for asylum-seekers; rejected asylum-seekers and refugees who are prepared to renounce their right to asylum and have decided to voluntarily return permanently to their native country or to emigrate to a third country.
As of 2005 IOM Belgrade Medical provides fitness to travel assistance including medical escorts to this IOM global program. Moderate to severe medical, mental and/or psychosocial conditions or disabilities of returning migrants if not properly managed can impair their return and successful reintegration to their society. Beside returnees with psychiatric disorders and associated specific problems, there is also a significant number of returning migrants suffering from severe physical medical conditions.
This project, funded by the Italian Government (EUR 1 million) was intended to address some of the difficulties in Serbia that have arisen from the protracted and divisive wars and their consequences. These devastating consequences include a large number of refugees and internally displaced families, poverty, unemployment, difficulties due to the sharp transition and reform processes, growth of number of people with actual psychiatric disorders (depression disorders, psychosomatic disorders, abuse of psychoactive substances), family violence and the like.
The SWIFT Initiative was developed by WHO in 2008 with the launching of the first (SWIFT I) pilot project in Belgrade, Serbia, through funding provided by the Norwegian Government. The Swift Initiative was further expanded with the creation of a second project (SWIFT II), funded by the European Union, and a third (SWIFT III) project supported by the Government of Sweden.